Resources, Tools, Information, and more.


These resources support my teaching and creative practices. Each is designed to jumpstart your thinking.

Radio > Concepts

Hendy, David. Radio in the Global Age. Polity Press, 2000.

Levinson, Paul. Digital McLuhan: A Guide to the Information Millennium. Routledge, 1999.

Lewis, P.M. and Booth J. The Invisible Medium. MacMillan, 2000.

Low, A. M. Wireless Possibilities. New York: Dutton, 1924.

Strauss, Neil and Dave Mandl, eds. Radiotext(e). New York: Semiotext(e), 1993.

How Radio Works
Straightforward information about the technical aspects of radio. This page leads to MANY others, each one explaining a different aspect of radio and how it works. Recommended.

Radio World
The news source for radio managers and engineers.

Radio > Festivals

Third Coast International Audio Festival
Created by Chicago Public Radio in 2000. Inspired by the popularity of international film festivals and motivated by the lack of attention given to outstanding audio work, The Third Coast International Audio Festival is a celebration of the best feature and documentary work heard worldwide on the radio and the Internet. "Our mission is to enrich the opportunities available to veteran and rookie producers who are working to perpetuate this craft in fresh and vital ways."

Sonic Circuits Festival of Experimental Music
Washington, D.C. An annual exposition of global experimental electronic music and performance, with events throughout the year.

Radio > History

Barnouw, Erik. A Tower in Babel. New York: Oxford University Press, 1966.

Broadcasting History Links
A collection by Elizabeth McLeod, noted historian of old time radio and early television, of the most useful resources for serious students of broadcasting history.

Charles Herrold: America's First Broadcaster
Charles Herrold started a radio station in San Jose, California, in 1909. He and his students broadcast music and information to an audience of homemade crystal radio experimenters daily up to 1917. Herrold is often cited as the first radio broadcaster. LEARN more.

Douglas, Susan J. Listening In: Radio and the American Imagination, from Amos 'n' Andy and Ed Murrow to Wolfman Jack and Howard Stern. New York: Random House, 1999.

Douglas, Susan J. Inventing American Broadcasting, 1899-1922. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

Hilmes, Michele. Radio Voices: American Broadcasting, 1922-1952. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.

Hilmes, Michele and Jason Lovigilio, eds. Radio Reader: Essays in the Cultural History of Radio. (Routledge, 2002).

History and Old-Time Radio
An extensive collection of archival and first-hand information about radio and radio programs. The website is not well-designed, but scroll to the bottom of the main page and follow the link to the "Program Guide." Then start browsing through the information. Your effort will be well rewarded.

Horst J. P. Bergmeir and Rainer E. Lotz, Hitler's Airwaves: The Inside Story of Nazi Radio Broadcasting and Propaganda Swing (Yale University Press, 1997). (Includes audio CD)

Old Time Radio Moments of the Century
Compiled by Elizabeth McLeod, noted radio historian, this web page lists the top 100 old-time radio moments of the last century.

Squier, Susan Merrill, ed. Communities of the Air: Radio Century, Radio Culture. Durham: Duke University Press, 2003.
Argues that radio, as both technological and social practices, has played a powerful role in shaping Twentieth Century Anglo-American culture. The essays in this collection explore a number of ways in which radio was constructed by, and in turn helped to shape, society and culture. Part 1: Radio Technology across the Twentieth Century focuses on the development of radio where certain aspects of its broad potential were foreclosed while others were enhanced. See Steven Wurtzler's "AT&T Invents Public Access Broadcasting in 1923: A Foreclosed Model for American Radio" and Nina Huntermann's "A Promise Diminished: The Politics of Low-Power Radio." Part 2: Radio Cultures focuses on the effect of certain uses of radio on gender, race, class, and ethnicity of its producers and consumers. Part 3: Radio Ideologies focuses on radio's power to harness, as well as resist, ideologies of gender, race, and nationality. See Susan Squire's "Wireless Possibilities, Posthuman Possiblities: Brain Radio, Community Radio, Radio Lazarus" for interesting speculation on the stereotype of the autonomous modern individual.

United States Early Radio History
Articles and extracts about early radio and related technologies, concentrating on the United States in the period from 1897 to 1927.

The Xtal Set Society
Once upon a time folks interested in radio built and experimented with their own crystal radio sets. The Xtal (Crystal) Set Society maintains this webpage which seeks to provide information for those interested to return to those glorious days of yesteryear.

Radio > Low / Micropower

FCC: Low Power Broadcast Radio Stations

Low Power FM

Follow, under "Recommended Links" on the home page, the links leading to "Digital Radio" and "Radio on the Internet."

Micropower Broadcasting—A Technical Primer

Prometheus Radio Project
A nonprofit organization that builds, supports, and advocates for community radio stations. Website offers an incredible collection of resources. For example, see the "Library" for step-by-step instructions on how to wade through the FCC application forms for a community low power FM station. See also "Our Pirate Past" under the "About Us" section for information about setting up a basic radio station.

Radio > Pirate / Underground

Carpenter, Sue. 40 Watts from Nowhere: A Journey into Pirate Radio. New York: Scribner, 2004. Carpenter built and operated, for nearly three years, what may have been the largest and most popular pirate radio station in Los Angeles, California. This book provides an account of the journey, but provides very little information about the technology of the station.

Conway, Dave. How to Start Your Own Pirate Radio Station
A blog entry detailing the steps Conway took to establish and operate his own pirate radio station. Straight-forward practical advice.

Dunifer, Stephen. Seizing the Airwaves: A Free Radio Handbook. AK Press, 2001.
Dunifer was one of the first to advocate for and operate an unlicensed radio station and his book is the first to document and emphasize the many facets of the free radio movement. The first part addresses the political economy of North American radio and provides a history and analysis of pirate radio. The second part includes interviews and commentary by some of the key participants in the micropower broadcasting worldwide. The third part provides comprehensive technical information for getting a free radio station on the air.

HF Underground
A website dedicated to documenting longwave, mediumwave, and shortwave stations, including broadcasters, utility/military stations, pirate radio and spy numbers stations.

Keith, Michael C. Voices in the Purple Haze: Underground Radio and the Sixties. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1997.

Lynford, Adam. "Pirate Radios: The Storm Is about To Break." Transmission Broadcasting System, 2 April 2018.
The opening shot in the Government's campaign to silence the pirate radio stations is a summons against Radio 390 answerable on November 24; and a new anti-pirate Bill is likely to become law by March. Photographs of the various ship-based pirate radio stations off the English coast.

Outlaw Radio
"We cover all aspects of do it yourself broadcasting." Also information on carrier current, Part 15 AM and FM radio, micro-broadcasting, and streaming. Information about transmitters, antennas, studio to transmitter links, automation, and other goodies.

Pirate Radio Central
A clearinghouse for information regarding pirate (free or unlicensed) radio stations.

Unrestricted Windows-based Internet broadcasting software. All you need is a computer and an Internet connection.

Pirate Radio—Its History—It's Culture
A starting point, maintained by, for information about pirate radio.

Yoder, Andrew. "The History of Unlicensed Radio." Electronics Now 1 June 1999.

Radio > Web-based

Radio Garden
Radio Garden is a digital radio but, the world is your tuning dial. Designed by Jonathan Puckey in collaboration with the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision, Radio Garden is Google Earth for radio. Spin the globe and listen as more than 8,000 live streaming radio stations pop up as green dots as you move over their locations on Earth. Click on a green dot and go directly to that station's live Internet stream. It's simple. It's fun. It's world radio in real time.

Basic FM
BASIC.FM gets its name from its components: Broadcast Arts, Sound, and Independent Culture. This web-based radio station is an ongoing, and evolutionary, project by Pixel Palace, a creative digital media program based at the Tyneside Cinema, Newcastle upon Tyne and is supported using public funding by Arts Council England. It is also supported by the Northern Rock Foundation. is dedicated to field recording of sonic sources and their use in compositions. Framework:afield programs are produced and curated by guest artists from around the world every second week. The research and creative question behind the juried programming of framework radio asks, "Is field recording a style or genre, or rather an uncontrollable and undefinable tool as any, that may be interpreted, manipulated, and appropriated by anyone with a microphone and idea?" Works produced in response to this question are the answer, the definition, not vice versa. See also framework radio on Mixcloud

Promoting transmission arts works for and about the electromagnetic spectrum, the airwaves. Follow the "transmission arts archive" for a genealogy of artist experiments with broadcast media and the airwaves.

Hollow Earth Radio
An Internet streaming radio station, broadcasting from a basement in Seattle, Washington. Features story-telling, field recordings, radio plays, local and global music, as well as found sound.

Kill Ugly Radio
DJ Manrich (from Vancouver, Washington) airs a monthly show on KBOO radio entitled "Radio Lost and Found," contributes to "A Different Nature"—a curatorial program of avant garde music and sonic arts, and hosts a program on Radio23 called "Room 111." He archives his comments, playlists, and other sharable content on his blog, turning it into a radio show/station of sorts.

Produced by Charles Adrian, actor, writer, broadcaster, for London Fields Radio as a range of podcasts and live broadcasts, all revolving around good old fashioned conversation with diverse and vibrant characters and eclectic musical selections, from the corner table at The Wilton Way Cafe, in East London. Follow London Fields Radio on MixCloud.

Freeform web-based radio providing an international artistic platform for innovative and creative home broadcasters. "Our mission is educational. We teach anyone, anywhere how to make radio with a computer and a highspeed internet connection."

Viva radio
Continuous web-based radio that can be shaped by listeners. Programs are provided by contributors who are friends of the station or are selected by submission. If you don't like the program, check the contributor archives, or select "Viva Mix" which plays a "best of" from contributor playlists.